Land Survey or Land Surveying is the accurate collection of three-dimensional points and the relationship between them to map the topography of the Earth’s surfaces, be that:
- above the ground – buildings and structures;
- below the ground – mine works or buried services;
- above water – marine buildings and structures;
- below water – lake, river and sea beds.
The tools and techniques used are as varied as the environments surveyed. From GPS receivers, Theodolites, dumpy levels, the humble pocket tape through to electronic tapes, digital cameras, smart phones, drones and Laser Scanners.
Land Surveyors have to be adept in a number of fields including Mathematics, Physics, Engineering and Law. By using Geometry & Trigonometry they can understand complex three-dimensional relationships. Physics to understand movement and propagation of electromagnetic waves, to calculate distance and understand hidden objects. Law to interpret and analyse boundary data in the event of a boundary dispute between neighbours.
Setting out is the reverse of the Land Survey process, where by a Land Surveyor takes a design and accurately marks out or sets out the position / dimensions of the design in the real world.
At Crucial Services we can offer Land Surveying Services to help make sure your project gets off to a great start. Sectors supported by Land Survey and setting out include, Construction, Architecture, Infrastructure, Utilities, Transportation, Asset Management, Loss Adjustment, Legal Services, Forestry, Energy Production, Floor Management, Risk Management to name but a few.
is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them.